Oral Cancer – Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, & Treatment

Oral cancer is one of the many types of cancer that develops in the tissues of the throat or the mouth. Oral cancer essentially belongs to the larger group of cancer known as neck and head cancer. In most cases, it develops in the squamous cells that are present in your lips, tongue, and mouth. 

In India, around 20 people per population of 1 lakh are diagnosed with oral cancer. Besides, nearly 5 people die per hour each day due to oral cancer in the country. These figures provide a clear picture of how fatal oral cancer can be. 

Dr. Amit Gandhi, one of the most experienced oral cancer surgeons in Mumbai provides his two cents on oral cancer and stresses the importance of detecting it at an early stage to increase the chances of survival. 

Let’s take a look at some vital information related to oral cancer

Different Types Of Oral Cancer

The different types of oral cancer include:

  • Lips
  • Tongue
  • Gums
  • The floor of the mouth
  • The inner lining of the cheek
  • Soft and hard palate
  • Your oral cancer surgeon in Mumbai or the dentist will be the first healthcare provider to identify the signs of oral cancer. This is why it is very critical to not skip your biannual dental check-ups. 

    Risks Associated With Oral Cancer

    One of the major risk factors associated with oral cancer is the consumption of any form of tobacco. This may include smoking cigars, pipes, cigarettes, and chewing tobacco. 

    Individuals who regularly smoke and consume alcohol are at a greater risk of developing oral cancer. 

    Some other risk factors include:

    • Chronic sun exposure of the face
    • Genetic factors
    • Lack of proper nutrition
    • Genetic syndromes
    • Previously diagnosed oral cancer
    • Weak immune system

    Did you know that the chances of oral cancer are two times higher in men than in women?

    Symptoms Of Oral Cancer

    • Growth of mass in any part of your mouth
    • Loose teeth
    • Bleeding mouth
    • Difficulty while swallowing
    • Unusual weight loss
    • Lump in the neck
    • Loose teeth
    • Tongue pain
    • Sore throat
    • Earache
    • Sore mouth or lips
    • Stiffness or jaw pain

    If you experience any of these symptoms, you should ideally schedule an appointment with an oral cancer surgeon in Mumbai. 

    Diagnosis Of Oral Cancer

    Before performing any tests, your dentist will conduct a physical exam. In this examination, your tongue, throat, cheeks, lymph nodes, and other areas of your neck are examined. In case the specialist is not able to determine why someone is experiencing the symptoms of oral cancer, an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) may be recommended. 

    Some of the tests that are performed include:

    • MRI scan
    • CT scan
    • Endoscopy
    • X-rays
    • PET scan

    Oral Cancer Treatment In Mumbai

    The treatment for oral cancer depends on a range of factors such as the stage, location, and type of cancer during diagnosis. 

    Some of the treatment alternatives include:

    • Radiation therapy
    • Surgery
    • Targeted therapy
    • Chemotherapy
    • Nutritional support

    If you want to know more about oral cancer, get in touch with Dr. Amit Gandhi today!

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