Breast Cancer: What is it, and how can it be treated?

Cancers occur in a body when genes that regulate cell growth mutate which causes cells to divide and multiply uncontrollably. Breast cancer is cancer that develops in breast cells.

Dr. Amit Gandhi is a renowned Breast cancer surgeon in Mumbai. He offers highly advanced treatment with the highest success rate and palliative care for women of all ages. 

Symptoms of Breast Cancer 

Various symptoms of breast cancer are as follows:

  • A breast lump or an unusual tissue thickening
  • Breast pain
  • An unexplainable change in shape or size of the breast
  • Flaking, scaling, or peeling of skin on nipple or breast
  • Inverted nipple
  • A swelling or lump in the armpit
  • Discharge of blood from the nipple

Risk Factors

Age– The risk of breast cancer increases with age. At the age of twenty, the chances of developing breast cancer in the next decade are 0.06%. However, at the age of seventy, this number rises to 3.84%.

Genetics– A woman with a personal or family history of breast cancer or lumps has more chances of suffering from it.

Having the first child at an older age– Women who give birth to their first child after the age of 30 are more likely to suffer from it.

Abnormal age of menstruation or menopause – Those women who start menstruating before the age of 12 or get menopause at an older age have an increased risk of suffering from it. 

Breast Cancer reduction for women with average risk

Consulting doctor for breast cancer screening– It is better to discuss with the doctor when to begin breast cancer screening exams and tests, such as mammograms and clinical best exams.

Self-breast examination

Women should familiarize themselves with the occasional inspection of their breasts. Though breast awareness can’t prevent breast cancer, it helps them notice a new lump or some unusual changes.

Avoiding alcohol – Consuming little or no alcohol and decreasing the intake of high sugar helps reduce the risk of breast cancer.

Maintaining a healthy diet and a healthy weight

Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin oil and mixed nuts reduces the risk of breast cancer. Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight is also helpful.

Types of Breast Cancer Treatment

Today there are many options available for breast cancer treatment. Some of these are as follows;

Surgery– This involves taking out the tumor. The operation known as Lumpectomy takes out only the part of cancer that has cancer.

Radiation therapy– It uses high-energy waves to destroy cancer cells. Doctors recommend this way of treatment if cancer has spread. 

Chemotherapy- This technique involves using drugs to kill cancer cells snd and is prescribed generally after the surgery to kill any cancer cells left behind. It can also be used to make tumors small before the surgery.

Hormone therapy– This prevents hormones such as estrogen from fuelling the growth of breast cancer cells with the help of drugs.

Targeted therapy– This kind of treatment involves using medicines that trigger the body’s immune system to help in killing the cancer cells.

Immunotherapy– As the name suggests, this uses your immune system to target cancer.

Breast Cancer, if diagnosed at its early stages, can be treated and cured. So, for the best Breast cancer treatment in Mumbai, reach out to Dr. Amit Gandhi on WhatsApp or book an appointment to visit him personally. We shall shortly confirm your booking upon receiving your request.

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